Velebit’s fauna is remarkably interesting and diverse. With an area of 2200 km2 it presents habitats for species with big home ranges such as large carnivores, the chamois, the golden eagle and the capercaillie.
Due to geographical location and relief, Velebit has a variety of different habitats – forests, pastures, watercourses, rocks and screes. For this reason, Velebit is home to many species of animal, plant and fungi. Because the highest parts of Velebit have a true mountain climate, there you can find typical mountain species like edelweiss, mountain pine, alpine chough, white-backed woodpecker, boreal owl, chamois and many others.
Velebit’s fauna is remarkably interesting and diverse. With an area of 2200 km2 it presents habitats for species with big home ranges such as large carnivores, the chamois, the golden eagle and the capercaillie. Apart from these charismatic animals, there we can find many other species of mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates like butterflies and other insects.
Due to the exquisite richness of its underground habitats, Velebit is important for many different endemic species of underground fauna.
On Velebit you can see numerous Mediterranean, continental and mountain plant species. Among them there are a lot of endemic species like Velebit degenia and Croatian sibirea.
In the forests and on the meadows of Velebit, there are numerous fungi – such as the dotted stem bolete, which grows in symbiosis with spruce trees. Although they have an important role in ecosystems, fungi are frequently overlooked and poorly known. Many of them are saprotrophs, forming an important part of the nutrient cycle in nature.
Even though its magnificence has attracted numerous researchers for many years, it is still possible to discover something new and contribute to the knowledge about the richness of biological, geomorphological and paleontological treasury of Velebit mountain.
Na području Velebita obitavaju sve tri vrste velikih zvijeri srednje i istočne Europe – smeđi medvjed (Ursus arctos), vuk (Canis lupus) i ris (Lynx lynx). Riječ je o skrovitim životinjama koje se plaše čovjeka. U zimskim mjesecima moguće je uočiti znakove njihove prisutnosti – otiske u snijegu ili izmet.
Brown bear (Ursus arctos)
Lynx (Lynx lynx)
Horned viper (Vipera ammodytes)
Meadow viper (Vipera ursinii macrops)
Griffon vulture (Gyps fulvus)
Croatian sibirea (Sibiraea altaiensis ssp. croatica)
Velebit degenia (Degenia velebitica)
Chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra)
Apollo (Parnassius apollo)
White-backed woodpecker (Dendrocopos leucotos)
Rosalia longicorn (Rosalia alpina)
The rosalia longicorn is one of the most beautiful ground beetles in Croatia. It lives in beech forests – due to logging, its numbers have seen a decline in the whole of Europe. The population trend in Croatia is unknown.